Lovers at dawn, illustrating the musical mode Raga Vibhasa

The musical mode Vibhasa (‘radiance’) is normally performed at dawn. It is conceived pictorially as a noble couple who have passed the night together. Often, as the lady sleeps, her lover may aim his bow to shoot the crowing cock. But here he holds a flower bow and arrow like the love-god Kama, and the peacock is unthreatened. Ragamala painting became a highly popular genre in the Mughal period.


Glossary of terms



Further reading

Topsfield, Andrew, Indian Paintings from Oxford Collections, Ashmolean Handbooks (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum in association with the Bodleian Library, 1994), no. 20 on p. 46, illus. p. 47

Reference URL

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