Krishna holding up the Govardhana mountain


  • Title

    Krishna holding up the Govardhana mountain

  • Associated place

    Rajasthan (place of creation)
  • Date

    15th - 16th century (1401 - 1600)
  • Material and technique

    black marble

  • Material index

  • Technique index

  • Object type

  • Dimensions

    49 x 13.5 x 13.5 cm max. (height x width x depth)
    7 x 13 x 12.5 cm base (height x width x depth)
  • No. of items


  • Credit line

    Purchased, 1980.

  • Museum location

  • Museum department

    Eastern Art

  • Accession no.


  • Our online collection is being continually updated. Find out more

    Know more about this object? Spotted an error? Contact us

  • Catalogue text

    Kṛṣṇa, the cow-herd god, and a form of Viṣṇu/Vāsudeva [see EAOS.38.a and EA1961.168] was originally a folk-hero famous for his exploits both as a child and a young man. These are extensively portrayed in friezes, in miniature painting and, in South India, in bronze [see EA1958.175]. Only one of these themes, however, figures in large sculptural panels or free-standing sculpture; it portrays Kṛṣṇa holding up the mountain Govardhana (“increaser of kine”) near Mathura so that the cowherds and their flocks can shelter from a seven-day storm sent by Indra, anciently the warrior chief of the gods, whose worship was being neglected by Kṛṣṇa and his companions.

    This unusual sculpture is from Rajasthan, a region particularly devoted to the cult of Kṛṣṇa and where a late flowering in sculpture and architecture took place, particularly in Mewar (Udaipur) in the 15th and 16th centuries.

    The peculiar shape of the mountain is no doubt an echo of the simile used in the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, the principal source of the Kṛṣṇa legend, when “Kṛṣṇa plucked the Govardhana mountain with one hand and held it playfully as a child might a mushroom”. Instead of the rustication usually employed by Indian sculptors to depict a mountain or mountainous terrain, the “stem” is decorated in a plant-like manner. The base and the “head” of the mushroom-mountain are etched with outline figures of devotees, cattle, birds including peacocks, and vegetation. Little more than graffiti, these may have been added later.

    In: Harle, J. C., and Andrew Topsfield, Indian Art in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 1987)

Further reading

Harle, J. C., and Andrew Topsfield, Indian Art in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 1987), no. 59 on p. 49, pp. 12 & 58, illus. p. 49

Reference URL

q-seffron-icon q-white-icon pluse-seffron-icon pluse-white-icon minus-seffron-icon minus-white-icon close-seffron-icon close-white-icon close-black-icon prv-gry-arrow prv-arrow print-seffron-icon print-black-icon next-arrow next-gry-arrow next-white-arrow up-arrow-black up-arrow black-up-arrow black-down-arrow white-up-arrow white-down-arrow hr-list-gry-icon hr-list-white-icon vr-list-gry-icon vr-list-white-icon eye-icon zoomin-icon zoomout-icon fullview-icon contact-black-icon contact-seffron-icon basket-seffron-icon basket-black-icon share-black-icon share-seffron-icon go-arrow search-white-icon