Buddhist chaityaOn display
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This monolithic Khmer chaitya, in the form of a miniature tower-shrine, once stood within a temple complex to mark the limits of the sacred precinct. Its principal deity is the goddess Prajnaparamita (‘The Perfection of Wisdom’), who personifies the transcendental knowledge embodied in the great Mahayana Buddhist Sutra (wisdom text) of that name. She holds a rosary and a sacred text in her upper hands. Also depicted on the chaitya are Avalokiteshvara and two indistinct female deities.
Datemid-10th century AD
Material and technique
Dimensions110 x 33 x 36 cm approx., max. (height x width x depth)
No. of items
Purchased with the assistance of funds provided by the Art Fund, the MCG/V&A Purchase Grant Fund, and the Friends of the Ashmolean Museum, 1999.
Museum locationFirst floor | Gallery 32 | India from AD 600
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Glossary of terms
An early Buddhist or Jain shrine or assembly hall; or, a small Buddhist votive shrine representing a tower or miniature temple, placed within a temple complex.