On display

In the year AH 77 (AD 696), the Umayyad caliph ‘Abd al-Malik (ruled AD 685-705) was responsible for one of the most significant reforms in the early history of Islam. The figurative motifs that had decorated Islamic coins until that moment were entirely replaced by epigraphic decoration, giving Islamic coinage a very distinctive appearance. Inscriptions on this dinar (gold coin), include Qur’anic passages that proclaim the belief in one God and in Muhammad as His prophet. While a wide range of variations continued to occur in time and place, epigraphic coins remained canonical across the Islamic world.


  • Associated people

    ‘Abd al-Malik (685-705) (ruler)
  • Date

    AD 700 - 701 (AH 81)
  • Denomination


  • Object type

  • Design

    Arabic inscription in field (shahāda), point between the second and third lines of field inscription, Arabic inscription anti-clockwise in margin from 3h (Sura 9: v. 33 (in part)), all enclosed by beaded circle (obverse)

    Arabic inscription in field (Sura 112: vv. 1-3), point below first line of field inscription, Arabic inscription anti-clockwise in margin from 1230h, all enclosed by beaded circle (reverse)

  • No. of items


  • Museum location

    First floor | Gallery 31 | Islamic Middle East
  • Museum department

    Heberden Coin Room

  • Accession no.


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Reference URL

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