On display

Ennui is Sickert’s interpretation of the boredom of married life, and is the last of his five paintings of the subject. The first, exhibited in 1914 (Tate Gallery), was painted at 15 Fitzroy Street, London, but inspired by ‘a decayed first floor’ on the corner of Granby Street and Mornington Square. The models were Hubby, an old school-friend of Sickert’s who had fallen on hard times, and whom Sickert looked after; and Marie Hayes, who may have been Hubby’s wife, and who modelled for Sickert on several occasions. He puffs contentedly on a cigar, while she stares hopelessly at a glass case of stuffed birds.

This version from the series of Ennui paintings is described by many critics as more successful than the original. Although the composition is almost exactly the same, Sickert used brighter colours and replaced the dull walls and blank table with patterned wallpaper and table cloth. This together with the reduced size of the canvas has created a more claustrophobic atmosphere, which adds more emphasis on the unsaid words between bored husband and wife.

It was this last version of Ennui that inspired Virginia Woolf ’s celebrated pamphlet on Sickert, in which she wrote of the couple that ‘It is all over with them, one feels. The accumulated weariness of innumerable days has discharged its burden over them.’


  • Title


  • Artist/maker

    Walter Richard Sickert (1860 - 1942)
  • Associated place

    London (place of creation)
  • Date

    1917 - 1918
  • Material and technique

    oil on canvas

  • Object type

  • Dimensions

    76 x 56 cm (height x width)
  • No. of items


  • Credit line

    Bequeathed by Frank Hindley Smith, 1939.

  • Museum location

    Third floor | Gallery 63 | Sickert and his Contemporaries
  • Museum department

    Western Art

  • Accession no.


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Further reading

Browse, Lillian, Sickert (London, 1956), no. 71 no. 3, illus. p. 107

Baron, Wendy, Sickert (London, 1973), 313

Eustace, Katherine, Twentieth Century paintings in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford, The Ashmolean Museum, 1999), 13

Newbery, Timothy, Frames and Framings in the Ashmolean Museum, Ashmolean handbook (Oxford, 2003), ---, p. 68, illus. p. 69

Wendy Baron, Sickert: Paintings and Drawings (Yale University Press, New Haven and London; Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, 2006), no.418.4, p. 408, illus. p. 408

Harrison Colin, Palmer Caroline, Wodehouse Katherine, Dickinson Harry, Great British Drawings (Oxford, 2015), p, illus. p. 230 fig. 55

Reference URL

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